PAKISTAN SOCIETY OF PHARMACOGNOSY & NATURAL THERAPY
PAKISTAN SOCIETY OF PHYTOPHARMACOLOGY & THERAPEUTICS
PAKISTAN SOCIETY OF PHARMACOGNOSY & NATURAL THERAPY*** PAKISTAN SOCIETY OF PHYTOPHARMACOLOGY & THERAPEUTICS
 
MENU
     
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
 
 

STUDY OF SNAKEBITE CASES ADMITTED IN NPCC, KARACHI
FROM JANUARY 1999 TO DECEMBER 2002


Aftab Turabi1, Mansoor Ahmad2 and Kamran Ahmad Chishti3 J National
Poison Control Center, Jinnah Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. 2Researcl1 Institute of
Pharmaceutical Sciences, Depanment of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy,
University of Karachi, Karacl1i-75270, Pakistan 3Depa/111lent of Pl1annaceutical
Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270, Pakistan



ABSTRACT: Snakebite cases studied from 1999 to 2002 constitutes 4.64% of total poisoning admitted in NPCC and had male female ratio of84.14%: 15.86%. The snakes identified in the study period were classified as elapidae (130), viperidae (63), hydrophiidae (6), and nonvenomous (28). Various complications were observed that include gastrointestinal bleed (13), hematuria (6), jaundice (4), renal failure (5), intra-cranial bleed (2), and respiratory depression (3). The investigations revealed that 102 patients showed. reduced hemoglobin concentration and raised leukocyte count Altered liver enzymes were seen in 138 patients where as urea and creatinine were increased in 95 and 50 patients respectively. Bleeding tendencies and coagulation defect was seen in 147 and 94. Urine examination revealed hematuria, and protein urea in 71 victims. The outcome of treatment was varied from snake to snake. 130 patients of elapidae bite showed 122 recoveries and 8 deaths. Among Viperidae bite of 63 patients, 48 were recovered, and 15 had died. There were 6 cases of hydrophiidae bite, in which 2 were died while 4 were recovered. 28 cases of non-venomous snakebite showed 100% recovery. Overall outcome of showed 25 deaths that constitutes (11.01 %). There was complete recovery of 202 patients (88.99%) that had male/female ratio of 171: 31.